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Access to vessels afloat. The employer shall not permit employees to board or leave any vessel, except a barge or river towboat, until the following requirements have been met:
When the lower end of a gangway overhangs the water between the ship and the dock in such a manner that there is danger of employees falling between the ship and the dock, a net or other suitable protection shall be rigged at the foot of the gangway in such a manner as to prevent employees from falling from the end of the gangway.
The gangway shall be kept properly trimmed.
When the gangway overhangs the water so that there is danger of employees falling between the ship and the dock, a net or suitable protection shall be provided to prevent employees from receiving serious injury from falls to a lower level.
Gangways on vessels inspected and certificated by the U.S. Coast Guard are deemed to meet the requirements of this section.
Subpart C-Gangways and Other Means of Access ~ 1918.21 General requirements. The employer shall not permit employees to board or leave any vessel, except a barge or river towboat, until all of the applicable requirements of this sub part have been met...
... (e) When the gangway overhangs the water so that there is danger of employees falling between the ship and the dock, a net or suitable protection shall be provided to prevent employees from receiving serious injury from falls to a lower level.
INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION
LONDON SE1 7SR
11 June 2009
GUIDELINES FOR CONSTRUCTION, INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION/SURVEY OF MEANS OF EMBARKATION AND DISEMBARKATION
The Maritime Safety Committee, at its eighty-six session (27 May to 5 June 2009), with a view to providing specific guidance on the construction, installation, maintenance and inspection/survey of means of embarkation and disembarkation such as accommodation ladders and gangways required under regulation II-1/3-9 of the 1974 SOLAS Convention, approved the Guidelines for construction, installation, maintenance and inspection/survey of means of embarkation and disembarkation, prepared by the Sub-Committee on Ship Design and Equipment at its fifty-second session, as set out in the annex.
3.4 - Arrangement
3.4.1 - Each accommodation ladder should be of such a length to ensure that, at a maximum design operating angle of inclination, the lowest platform will be not more than 600 mm above the waterline in the lightest seagoing condition, efined in SOLAS regulation III/3.13.
3.4.2 - The arrangement at the head of the accommodation ladder should provide direct access between the ladder and the ship's deck by a platform securely guarded by handrails and adequate handholds. The ladder should be securely attached to the ship to prevent overturning.
3.4.3 - For ships on which the height of the embarkation/disembarkation deck exceeds 20 m above the waterline specified in paragraph 3.4.1 and on other ships for which the Administration considers compliance with the provisions of paragraph 3.4.1 impractical, an alternative means of providing safe access to the ship or supplementary means of safe access to the bottom platform of he accommodation ladder may be accepted.
3.5 - Marking Each accommodation ladder or gangway should be clearly marked at each end with a plate showing the restrictions on the safe operation and loading, including the maximum and minimum permitted design angles of inclination, design load, maximum load on bottom end plate, etc. Where the maximum operational load is less than the design load, it should also be shown on the marking plate.
3.6 - Test
3.6.1 - After installation, the winch and the accommodation ladder should be operationally tested to confirm proper operation and condition of the winch and the ladder after the test.
3.6.2 - The winch should be tested as a part of the complete accommodation ladder unit through a minimum of two times hoisting and lowering of the accommodation ladder in accordance with the onboard test requirement specified in applicable international standards such as ISO 7364:1983.
3.6.3 - Every new accommodation ladder should be subjected to a static load test of the specified maximum working load upon installation.
3.7 - Positioning
3.7.1 - Gangways should not be used at an angle of inclination greater than 30° from the horizontal and accommodation ladders should not be used at an angle greater than 55° from the horizontal, unless designed and constructed for use at angles greater than these and marked as such, as required by paragraph 3.5.
3.8 - Rigging (safety net) - A safety net should be mounted in way of the accommodation ladders and gangways where it is possible that a person may fall from the means of embarkation and disembarkation or between the ship and quayside.
3.9 - Verification - Upon installation, the compliance of the entire arrangement with these Guidelines should be verified.
4 - Maintenance
4.6 - All inspections, maintenance work and repairs of accommodation ladders and gangways should be recorded in order to provide an accurate history for each appliance. The information to be recorded appropriately on board should include the date of the most recent inspection, the name of the person or body who carried out that inspection, the due date for the next inspection and the dates of renewal of wires used to support the embarkation and disembarkation arrangement.
5.2 - Winch
5.2.1 - During annual surveys required by SOLAS regulations I/7 and I/8, the following items should be examined for satisfactory condition:
.1 - brake mechanism including condition of brake pads and band brake, if fitted;
.2 - remote control system; and
.3 - power supply system (motor).
5.2.2 - At every five-yearly survey, upon completion of the examination required by paragraph 5.2.1, the winch should be operation a fully tested with the specified maximum operational load of the accommodation ladder.
5.3.3 - The tests should be carried out with the load applied as uniformly as possible along the length of the accommodation ladder or gangway, at an angle of inclination corresponding to the maximum bending moment on the accommodation ladder or gangway.
5.3.4 - Following satisfactory completion of the applicable test(s) without permanent deformation or damage to the tested item, the load used for that test should be marked as the maximum operational load in accordance with paragraph 3.5.
5.4 - Fittings and davits During annual surveys required by SOLAS regulations I/7 and I/8, all fittings and davits on the ship’s deck associated with accommodation ladders and gangways should be examined for satisfactory condition.
5.5 - Means of access to deck
During annual surveys required by SOLAS regulations I/7 and I/8, the fittings or structures for means of access to decks such as handholds in a gateway or bulwark ladder and stanchions should be examined for satisfactory condition.